IT Infrastructure: How the area works

For those interested in understanding the entire functioning of a company's IT Infrastructure, it is necessary and important to have greater knowledge of the infrastructure. 

In this article, we are going to talk a little about this area of information technology.

infrastructure history

Historically, the term “infrastructure” is used as a way to describe the complex and large structures of public services, military projects and civil projects. 

What is IT infrastructure

This term was first used in France in 1875 to describe railroad planning. 

Also, before the 1700s, what was called infrastructure started with canals and roads used for irrigation and transport. From the 1800s to the early 1900s, electricity, rail, telegraph, sewer/water, metro and telephone communications infrastructures were added. 

With the development of technology from basic computing to the Internet and other fields, business operations quickly became dependent on technology. Therefore, over time, IT Infrastructure became the backbone of the business.

Today, the term is used to cover the growing fundamentals, relationships, and structural components of integrated business structures. The term comes from the French infra, which means below. This highlights the need for a solid foundation to support a strong organizational structure.

The following is a list of areas commonly referred to as infrastructure: technology hardware, software, networks, facilities, garbage utilities, telecommunications, energy utilities, highways, electric utilities, streets/roads, water utilities, bridges, railways and airports .

What is IT infrastructure?

The goal of today's CEO is to effectively operate the technical infrastructure that supports the company's goals. Part of that responsibility includes increasing business value through optimizing information retrieval and reporting. 

In addition to providing agile and proactive responses to using technology and information to adapt quickly, it can also improve the end-user experience.

However, to fulfill this difficult task, IT leadership has numerous intangible and tangible elements that constitute the technical backbone of an organization, that is, the IT support.

The IT infrastructure is composed of those elements that support the availability and management of information and data. 

This includes physical hardware and facilities such as data recovery, data centers and storage, legacy interfaces and software, networking systems to support the company's business objectives. 

The structure also includes maintenance, updates, procedures, policies, testing, training and recruitment.

Why is it important to understand how IT works?

In fact, everyone working in the company is impacted through the IT infrastructure every day. This includes clouds. After all, as long as everything is fine, the infrastructure that runs the app is often ignored. 

Today, with technology, we're used to simply relying on management programs to get their work done. In other words, it will ensure that virtual machines are protected from failure under normal circumstances.

However, there are cases of poor database performance. Here, understanding how the IT infrastructure works can help determine what went wrong with the app. 

However, a basic understanding of how IT works only improves the app's performance. 

After all, by understanding the environment under the application, it's simpler to understand the causes of potential problems. In this way, we can divide the IT infrastructure into three main components: storage, compute and network. 

In other words, it can be said that each and every component that is part of the IT infrastructure is built due to these elements. 

Including applications and virtual machines. However, the IT infrastructure even includes some other basic components.

What are the components of an IT infrastructure and how do they work?

The way the IT infrastructure works is a combination of software, hardware, human resources and networking, enabling organizations to deliver information technology services to people in the organization. 

There are several main components in the IT infrastructure. The most obvious is the hardware. After all, IT services are impossible without hardware. In other words, organizations need computers, switches, desktop, servers, routers and other equipment.


However, the most important is the human factor, that is, the person responsible for organizing the entire sector of the IT infrastructure. 

IT professionals, both those who administer networks and those who develop or administer the system, will analyze the organization's needs and will determine what software and hardware can do the job.

They can simply buy existing solutions or build something from scratch, as they choose cloud or on-premises solutions based on their needs. 

However, keep in mind that each of these IT infrastructure components is dependent on each other. Whereas, any sector, company or department needs software, hardware and networks to function. 

Therefore, these and other components will be useless if they are not purchased, configured and kept running manually.


Today, the Internet is critical to doing modern business, so network connectivity becomes crucial, but employees rely on VoIP phone service, email, and even Internet access. 

As such, Internet connectivity is absolutely necessary. However, think about how many other machines need to be connected to each other. This means installing and configuring hubs and wires, routers and switches.


However, without the hardware, the software is useless. In other words, software is no less important to the IT infrastructure than hardware. Typical software for organizations includes productivity apps, customer relationship management (CRM), and enterprise resource planning (ERP). 

Some of these apps can be purchased immediately, while others can be created and developed by certain sectors in the IT field. In this case, we can say that everything will depend on several factors, such as the organization's need.

Example: Database Components

One example, in terms of storage, different applications have different capacity and performance requirements. There might be a very small database that doesn't require a lot of storage capacity. 

However, the storage device used by the database must be connected to the server. This is done using the network, whether it is a traditional IP-based network or a storage area network (SAN). Also the performance of this component will depend on available computing resources such as memory and CPU. See too WhatsApp will launch the 'Voice Transcript' feature which converts voice notes to text


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